Addon:Python Shell Gramplet

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Python Shell Gramplet - Interactive shell example output

The Python Shell Gramplet brings up an interactive Python Shell for interpreting python expressions.


You can type most any (single line) Python expression.

In addition, the environment has been populated with some useful variables, including

  • self - (this Python gramplet)
  • Date - a date object constructor, that can be used for date arithmetic.
  • db - Interact with the Database
  • dbstate - Information about the Database
  • gc - the Python "garbage collector" preloaded with the same flags as the Debug Tool.
  • uistate - Interact with the GUI

When the Python Shell Gramplet is detached you can select the Help button to see this page.


Output of print() commands issued in the Python Shell will be directed to the Gramps console window, so be sure to keep that window open.

Use the database API to retrieve objects and use object library to find the information you require. If you want to write GUI code, then knowledge of Gtk3 is also required.



The Date entry is a date object constructor, and can be used for date arithmetic. For example, you might be interested in questions like:

What was the date 56 years before a given date:

> Date(2007, 12, 31) - 56

How old was someone on Sept 3, 1955 who was born on June 7, 1922:

> Date(1955, 9, 3) - Date(1922, 5, 7) 33 years, 3 months

When did they turn 21 years old?

> Date(1922, 5, 7) + 21

You can also add years, months, and days:

> Date(1980) + (0, 0, 25)

You can convert one date into another calendar, which returns a new date object:

> Date(1703, 6, 1).to_calendar("hebrew")
5463-10-17 (Hebrew)


Use utility code to make things easier. For example, you will probably want to use the name, date and place displayers rather than formatting the data yourself. To print the name of the default person, use the following code:

> from import displayer as nd
> person = self.dbstate.db.get_default_person()
> print(nd.display(person))

To find the type of a variable use:

> type(person)


Another use for this Gramplet is for debugging. This gramplet makes a nice interface to the running Gramps system. You can inspect, and alter the system by entering Python commands. As a simple example, you can:

> self.clear_text()     # clear the text in this window
> self.set_wrap(False)  # turn word wrap off
> self.set_wrap(True)   # turn word wrap on

The Python Gramplet also has the Python "garbage collector" preloaded with the same flags as the Debug Tool. To use:

> gc.collect()
> gc.garbage[0]
<cell at 0x9f9089c: function object at 0x9f89dbc>
> gc.get_referents(self)
> gc.get_referrers(self)

This article's content is incomplete or a placeholder stub.
Please update or expand this section.

You can use the Python Shell to interact with people from your database and test Gramps functions:

Gramps 3.x
 > person = db.get_person_from_gramps_id("I01284")
 > from Utils import probably_alive
 > probably_alive(person, db, Date(1776, 7, 4))
Gramps 4.x
 > person = db.get_person_from_gramps_id("I01284")
 > from gen.utils.alive import probably_alive
 > probably_alive(person, db, Date(1776, 7, 4))
Gramps 5.x
 > person = db.get_person_from_gramps_id("I01284")
 > from gramps.gen.utils.alive import probably_alive
 > probably_alive(person, db, Date(1776, 7, 4))

You can also interact with the GUI:

This following returns the Gtk Frame of the first Gramplet in the first column.

Gramps 3.x
 > uistate.viewmanager.pages
 [<DataViews.GrampletView.GrampletView instance at 0xa0bd0ac>, 
  <DataViews.PersonView.PersonView instance at 0xa8f542c>, 
  <DataViews.RelationView.RelationshipView instance at 0xa8f562c>, 
  <DataViews.FamilyList.FamilyListView instance at 0xa8f5f8c>, 
  <DataViews.PedigreeView.PedigreeView instance at 0xa8fc5cc>, 
  <DataViews.EventView.EventView instance at 0xa8fc88c>, 
  <DataViews.SourceView.SourceView instance at 0xa8fcdcc>, 
  <DataViews.PlaceView.PlaceView instance at 0xa9070ec>, 
  <DataViews.MediaView.MediaView instance at 0xa9074ac>, 
  <DataViews.RepositoryView.RepositoryView instance at 0xa9077ac>, 
  <DataViews.NoteView.NoteView instance at 0xa907d8c>, 
  <DataViews.GeoView.GeoView instance at 0xa90d0cc>]
 > uistate.viewmanager.pages[0]
 <DataViews.GrampletView.GrampletView instance at 0xa0bd0ac>
 > uistate.viewmanager.pages[0].columns[0].get_children()[0].get_children()[0]
Gramps 4.x

Gramps 5.x
 > uistate.viewmanager.pages[:]
 [<dashboardview.DashboardView object at 0x0000000008c9f4e0>, <persontreeview.PersonTreeView object at 0x0000000000a05748>, <relview.RelationshipView object at 0x000000000b1b6358>]

This following returns a reference to a loaded Gramplet object on the Event view - useful when developing Gramplets. Note that the Events view must be navigated first, as main views are lazy loading in Gramps 4.

Gramps 4.x
> evtview = uistate.viewmanager.pages[uistate.viewmanager.page_lookup.get((5,0))]
> # list all TabGramplet objects loaded for Events view
> [child.get_title() for child in evtview.bottombar.get_children()]
['Gallery', 'Citations', 'Notes', 'Attributes', 'References', 'Event PlaceTitle Compare Gramplet']
> # get a reference to my custom Gramplet object
> eptcGramplet = evtview.bottombar.get_children()[5].pui

See also